Fifth Grade Math Objectives

Unit 1

- Read, write, and identify place value in whole numbers and decimals
- Round, compare, and order whole numbers and decimals
- Use addition properties to evaluate numerical expressions
- Estimate sums and differences
- Add and subtract whole numbers
- Solve addition and subtraction equations using mental math

Unit 2

- Use properties to evaluate algebraic expressions
- Estimate products and quotients
- Multiply and divide by one-and two-digit numbers
- Solve multiplication and division equations using mental math
- Use the correct order of operations

Unit 3

- Use customary and metric units of length, capacity, and weight/mass
- Represent and interpret data in graphs
- Collect and organize data in plots and graphs
- Find the mean, median, mode and range of a set of data
- Draw conclusions and make predictions from data displays

Unit 4

- Identify prime and composite numbers and write the prime factorization of numbers
- Find common factors, GCF, common multiples, and LCM
- Find equivalent fractions and write fractions in simplest form
- Relate and compare fractions, mixed numbers, and decimals
- Estimate fraction and decimal sums and differences
- Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers
- Add and subtract decimals

Unit 5

- Multiply and divide with fractions and mixed numbers
- Estimate decimal products and quotients
- Multiply and divide with fractions

Unit 6

- Identify and classify basic two-and three dimensional geometric figures and their parts
- Identify congruent figures and figures with line and rotational symmetry
- Identify transformations as reflections, translations, or rotations
- Find the perimeter and area of polygons and irregular figures
- Use pi to find the circumference of a circle
- Find surface area and volume of solid figures

Unit 7

- Read, write and use ratios, equivalent ratios, and rates
- Identify proportions and use them to solve problems, including similar figures and sale drawings
- Use ratios to write percents, relate and compare percents, decimals, fractions, and mixed numbers
- Find percent of a number
- Determine combinations
- Find probability

Unit 8

- Write and solve equations
- Use functions and function tables to solve equations
- Compare and order integers
- Add and subtract integers
- Graph ordered pairs